CO2 concentrations, consequences of Industrial Revolution

Figure 1.7. The upper graph shows carbon dioxide CO2 concentrations (in parts per million) for the last 1100 years – the same data that was shown in figure 1.4.

Here’s a portrait of James Watt and his 1769 steam engine.

James Watt

The middle graph shows (on a logarithmic scale) the history of UK coal production, Saudi oil production, world coal production, world oil production, and (by the top right point) the total of all greenhouse gas emissions in the year 2000. All production rates are expressed in units of the associated CO2 emissions.

The bottom graph shows (on a logarithmic scale) some consequences of the Industrial Revolution: sharp increases in the population of England, and, in due course, the world; and remarkable growth in British pig-iron production (in thousand tons per year); and growth in the tonnage of British ships (in thousand tons).

In contrast to the ordinary graphs on the previous pages, the logarithmic scale allows us to show both the population of England and the population of the World on a single diagram, and to see interesting features in both.